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Bali starling

Leucopsar rothschildi

Bali starling

The Bali starling is the national bird of Bali. However, it is now only found in the Bali Barat National Park where the birds have to be guarded by armed personnel. The Bali starling is one of the rarest birds in the world.

This stunning bird was only discovered in 1912 by Baron Rothschild (which is why it is sometimes referred to as the Rothschild’s mynah or the Bali mynah). However, over the last 100 years the Bali starling has been hunted to near extinction. As well as suffering from man’s interference with its habitat, it has also been widely trapped as a cage bird. In 2001 there were only six birds left in the wild but after conservation efforts this number has managed to increase but the population is still very low.

Habitat
Forest

Diet - Omnivore
The Bali starling eats fruit, insects, worms and small reptiles.

Size
The Bali starling can measure up to 25 centimetres long and it can weight up to 90 grams.

Location
The Bali starling can only be found in the Bali Barat National Park on the island of Bali, in Indonesia.
Bali starlings are found in shrub lands and forests only on the island of Bali in Indonesia.

Conservation status
The IUCN considers the Bali Starling to be facing extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future. It is listed in Appendix I of CITES.

Threats
The Bali starling has an extremely small range. The main threat is the destruction of this bird’s habitat, poaching and the captive cage-bird trade.

Current population
In 2001 there were only six of these birds left in the wild. While populations have increased since then, the population is not substantial.

Zoo population
There are 780 Bali starlings in zoos worldwide and zoos work collaboratively to protect the species, through breeding programmes.

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature

CITIES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

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