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Common peafowl

Pavo cristatus

Common peafowl

Peafowl are members of the pheasant family. Male peafowl are called peacocks and females are known as peahens.

Peacocks have striking iridescent colours of blue, green and gold. The hugely impressive tail is displayed to females during courtship. The female's feathers are far less striking, providing camouflage as the female sits on eggs. Peafowl have a range of different calls. Some people compare the peafowl’s call to the sound of a human crying for help.

Belfast Zoo’s peafowl have access to the whole zoo site so keep an eye out for them!

Animal class

Forest and grasslands

Diet - Omnivores
Common or Indian peafowl are omnivorous and eat plant material, seeds, insects, amphibians and reptiles.

Female peafowl are around 86 centimetres long and weigh around 3.4 kilograms.
Males are around 200cm long in full breeding plumage. They are 107cm when their plumage is retracted. They weigh around five kilograms.

They are found in India.

Conservation status
The IUCN does not believe that the common peafowl is in any danger of extinction.

At present there are no known threats to the common peafowl.

Current population
Exact population figures are not known for the common peafowl.

Zoo population
There are more than 4,000 common peafowl living in zoos worldwide.