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Golden mantilla

Mantella aurantiaca

Golden mantilla

The golden mantella is a tiny frog which varies in colour between yellow, orange and red. Its bright colour warns other animals that it is poisonous or distasteful and deters them from eating the mantella.

It can be very poisonous. As with poison dart frogs, it accumulates poison by eating poisonous insects. The more poisonous insects it eats the more poisonous it becomes.

This frog is so rare and in danger of becoming extinct that numbers are being maintained in captivity by about 35 zoos and other institutions and it is being bred in captivity by public institutions and many private individuals.

Animal class
Amphibian

Habitat
Swampy areas, screw pine forests

Diet - Herbivore
Golden mantilla eat mites, ants, flies and other small invertebrates. 

Size
The golden mantilla's body length can be up to 20 - 25 millimetres.

Location
Golden mantilla's can be found in east central Madagascar.

Conservation status

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) regards the golden mantella as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Threats
The main threat to the golden mantella is habitat degradation. It is also trapped for the pet trade.

Current population
The golden mantella is extremely localized, being very abundant in tiny areas, often of just a few hectares. Numbers are decreasing.

Zoo population
There are currently around 1100 golden mantella frogs in zoos around the world