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Java sparrow

Padda oryzivora

Java sparrow

This finch was originally native to Java and Bali, in Indonesia. However, this bird has been a popular cage bird for centuries and the Java sparrow has now become established in many parts of the world, from Asia to Australia, Africa and North America. Trade in the bird is now banned except in a few countries such as China, Japan and Taiwan.


Male and female Java sparrows are equally pretty. However, it is easy to distinguish a male from a female as only the cock bird sings. He begins with single notes, like a bell, before developing into continuous trilling and clucking, mixed with high-pitched and deep notes.

Habitat
Forest, mangrove and grasslands

Diet - Herbivore
Java sparrows eat mainly grain and other seeds.

Size
Its body length is 14 to 15 centimetres. It weighs around 25 grams.

Location
Java sparrows are found in many different habitats on the islands of Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia.

Conservation status
The IUCN considers the Java sparrow to be facing a high risk of extinction in the its native habitat. They are listed in Appendix II by CITES.

Threats
The Java sparrow is captured for the illegal cage bird trade. They are also affected by pesticides.

Current population
The population of the Java sparrow is declining. It is estimated that there are less than 10,000 in the wild.

Zoo population
There are 2,700 Java sparrows in zoos worldwide.

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature

CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

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