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Maned wolf

Chrysocyon brachyurus

Maned wolf

The maned wolf resembles a red fox on stilts. Despite their appearance they are not related to the fox and despite their name, they are not members of the wolf family. The maned wolf is a member of the Canidae family and is a wild dog of South America.

The maned wolf’s long legs allow it to see above the tall grass to hunt for food while also avoiding predators. The wolf can also rotate its large ears to listen for the prey animals in the grass, before tapping the ground with front feet to flush it out before finally pouncing and catching it.

Animal class


Diet - Omnivore
Maned wolves are omnivores, eating fruit, small mammals and birds.

Maned wolves stand one metre tall at the shoulder, with a body length of 1.3 metres.

These wolves are found in grassland and scrub forests in central South America.

Conservation status 
The IUCN believes maned wolves could be facing the risk of extinction. They are listed under Appendix II of CITES.

The biggest threat to maned wolves is the destruction of their habitat. They are also hunted for their meat and for the traditional medicine trade. These wolves also compete with domestic dogs.

Current population
Very few studies have been carried out about the maned wolf. However, it is believed that their numbers are dwindling.

Zoo population
There is an EEP and international studbook for manned wolves. There are roughly 240 maned wolves living in zoos worldwide.

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature

CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

EEP - European Endangered Species Programme

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