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Nicobar pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica

Nicobar pigeon

The Nicobar pigeon is one of the closest living relatives to the dodo, a bird which is now extinct.

This pigeon is found on the small islands and coastal regions from the Nicobar Islands, east through the Malay Archipelago, to the Solomons and Palau. The Nicobar is nomadic and they commute from island to island in flocks of up to 85 birds, to find food.

Belfast Zoo’s Nicobar pigeons live in the rainforest house.

Animal class


Diet - Omnivore
Nicobar pigeons eat seeds, often from harvested grain, fruit and some invertebrates.

These pigeons can measure up to 40 centimetres long and weigh up to one pound.

The species can be found in dense forest on small islands and in coastal regions from the Nicobar Islands located in Southeast Asia.

Conservation status
The IUCN believes that Nicobar pigeons will face extinction in the near future.

The biggest threats facing Nicobar pigeons are habitat destruction and being trapped or hunted for the food and pet trades.

Current population
The Nicobar pigeon population is declining but the species remains numerous at present.

Zoo population
There are currently 1,600 Nicobar pigeons living in zoos within Europe.