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Panther chameleon

Furcifer pardalis

Bruce

There are three different types of chameleon found on the island of Madagascar and the Panther Chameleon is one of them. A chameleon is famously known for being able to change colour at a rapid speed. The tail of a chameleon is prehensile which means it can use it like a fifth limb to hold onto the trees. When a chameleon moves along a branch he sways slightly from side to side making it harder to detect him.

The panther chameleon can stay still when it has spotted its prey. Their tongue is a third of the size of their body and is covered in a sticky mucus. The vision of a chameleon is excellent. Each eye can move 180® independently of each other without moving their head.

The head of the panther chameleon extends into a raised bone at the back called the casque. Malagasy culture believes the Panther chameleon to be a symbol of intelligence.

Animal Class:

reptile

Habitat:

tropical rainforest and coastal regions

Diet:

Omnivores – they will eat insects and other invertebrates, they can eat fruit and vegetables as well.

Size:

Its body length can be up to 45 centimetres. It can weigh up to 100 grams.

Location:

Madagascar

Conservation status:

The IUCN have listed the panther chameleon as Least Concern

Threats:

The pet trade is a major threat to the chameleon. As they are very adaptable they can move from one habitat to another.

Current population:

The wild population is stable with over 450,000 and the number is not in decline.

Zoo population:

unknown as there is nothing on IUCN

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature