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Panther chameleon

Furcifer pardalis


There are three different types of chameleon found on the island of Madagascar and the Panther Chameleon is one of them. A chameleon is famously known for being able to change colour at a rapid speed. The tail of a chameleon is prehensile which means it can use it like a fifth limb to hold onto the trees. When a chameleon moves along a branch he sways slightly from side to side making it harder to detect him.

The panther chameleon can stay still when it has spotted its prey. Their tongue is a third of the size of their body and is covered in a sticky mucus. The vision of a chameleon is excellent. Each eye can move 180® independently of each other without moving their head.

The head of the panther chameleon extends into a raised bone at the back called the casque. Malagasy culture believes the Panther chameleon to be a symbol of intelligence.

Animal Class:



tropical rainforest and coastal regions


Omnivores – they will eat insects and other invertebrates, they can eat fruit and vegetables as well.


Its body length can be up to 45 centimetres. It can weigh up to 100 grams.



Conservation status:

The IUCN have listed the panther chameleon as Least Concern


The pet trade is a major threat to the chameleon. As they are very adaptable they can move from one habitat to another.

Current population:

The wild population is stable with over 450,000 and the number is not in decline.

Zoo population:

unknown as there is nothing on IUCN

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature