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Pied tamarin

Saguinus bicolor

Pied tamarin

The pied tamarin is a small monkey found in the tropical forests of Brazil. Pied tamarins are the most endangered of the three sub-species of bare-faced tamarins.

The head of the adult pied tamarin is bald with black skin and large ears, giving this primate an unusual and striking appearance.

These small New World monkeys live in groups of four to 15 individuals. Only the dominant female will breed and will commonly give birth to twins. The care of infants is shared throughout the group, with the father doing most of the carrying.

Animal class


Diet - Omnivore
Pied tamarins eat fruit, flowers, gums and small animals.

Their body length can reach 28 centimetres (cm) and tails can be up to 42cm. Pied tamarins can weigh up to 430 grams.

Pied tamarins are found in forests to the north and east of the city of Manaus in Brazil.

Conservation status
Pied tamarins are listed under Appendix I of CITES. They are considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction by the IUCN.

The Brazilian city of Manus is continuously expanding and encroaching upon the habitat of the pied tamarins.

Current population
The population of the pied tamarin is unknown, yet thought to be in decline.

Zoo population
There is an EEP and an ESB in place for pied tamarins. There are 170 pied tamarins living in zoos throughout the world.

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature

CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species 

EEP - European Endangered Species Programme

ESB - European Studbook

Related links

Our other monkeys