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Socorro dove

Zenaida graysoni

Socorro dove

Native to the island of Socorro, off the coast of Mexico, Socorro doves are extinct in the wild due to hunting and the threat of predators such as feral cats.

Male Socorro doves are cinnamon-brown in colour, while females and younger birds are a slightly duller colour.
There are thought to be fewer than 100 pure Socorro doves in captivity and a planned reintroduction of the species, to its native home, is in the early stages.

Belfast Zoo has successfully bred this very rare species several times, helping the captive population.


Diet - Herbivore
Socorro doves eat fruit and berries

A Socorro dove measures between 25 and 34 centimetres in length and weighs approximately 190 grams.

The doves were found in forested areas on Socorro Island, located off the west coast of Mexico.

Conservation status
Socorro doves are extinct in the wild. They were last seen in the wild in 1972.

Before they became extinct in the wild, the birds were threatened by cats and hunted by humans. Over-grazing and habitat destruction by sheep also contributed to their extinction.

Current population
Socorro doves are extinct in the wild. Luckily, some doves are kept by zoos and aviculturists in America and Europe. If protected habitats are re-established on Socorro Island, bred birds may be used to help re-introduce the species.

Zoo population
There is an EEP for Socorro doves. There are around 140 doves living in zoos around the world.