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Utila iguana

Ctenosaura bakeri

Utila iguana

The Utila iguana is a spiny-tailed iguana which inhabits mangrove forests. The breeding season is in February and March.

Females can’t lay their eggs in the mangroves, so they move to the beaches and bury their eggs in the sand to be incubated in the sun. Normally up to 15 eggs are laid, but some larger females can lay more than 20. They lay them only 60cm deep and are often dug up for human consumption.

When the babies hatch out, they move back into the mangrove forests but are often preyed on by a range of birds and snakes.

In July 2017, three Utilia iguana's hatched in our reptile and amphibian house. 

Animal class

Mangrove forests

Diet - Omnivore
Utila iguana's eat flowers, leaves, stems, and fruit and occasionally, other small animals.

The Utila iguana can be up to 56 centimetres long.

Utila iguana's are found in Utila Island, Bay Islands and Honduras.

Conservation status
The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) considers the Utila iguana to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Habitat destruction is a major threat to the Utila iguana as are invasive plants and animals.

Current population
There could be fewer than 5,000 Utila iguanas left in the wild. Numbers are decreasing.

Zoo population 
The Utila iguana is managed under a European Studbook Programme. There are 69 Utila iguanas currently in zoos around the world.

Key to acronyms

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature

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